Lots of pics ahead. Once again, click on them to see a larger image.
A good starting point for a walk through the Hiroshima Peace Park is the A-bomb Dome. We walked up to the "main drag" of Hiroshima, and caught a steet car down to the A-bomb Dome. Built in 1915, the building was designed by Jan Letzel, a Czech architect who lived in Japan for ten years and designed many residences and public buildings. Originally it served as the Prefecture Industrial Promotion Hall. With it's European design, brick and reinforced concrete construction and copper dome, it stood out in contrast to Hiroshima's predominantly wooden buildings.
The target point for the atomic bombing was an intersection on the neighboring bridge - 100 meters to the northwest. It detonated about 160 meters to the southeast, at an altitude of about 580 meters.
The A-bomb Dome's distance of 160 meters from the hypocenter scarcely mattered as the fireball of the 15 kiloton blast was about 1.25 kilometers in diameter with a temperature of 3,900 degrees Celsius (7,000 degrees Fahrenheit) and winds of 1005 km/h (624 mph). What survived of the building did so because the blast came from above rather than from the side. Everyone inside was killed instantly of course.
It was not until 1966 that it was decided to save the A-bomb Dome as a reminder to the world of what atomic weapons do. (Keep in mind that the weapons now installed on US missiles have a blast equivalent to 475 kilotons and rely on fusion reactions which happen at temperatures as hot as the interior of the sun - 100,000,000° Celsius - and would instantly destroy anything within about 7 km of the hypocenter.) Each one of the 24 missiles on an Ohio Class SSBN submarine can carry as many as 12 such warheads, though they usually "only" have six and are limited to 8 under current treaties. (As if that is reassuring.) The USA has 14 such submarines.
The A-bomb Dome has been reinforced here and there with steel, to keep it from posing a danger to visitors, but it does not detract from the effect of seeing the remains and getting the message.
I'll have more to say about the atomic bombing of Japan in part IV. The museum would wait for another day as we wanted to spend more time there than our first day would allow. For now, I just want to take you, through pictures, along with us on the walk we took around the dome and through the Peace Park.
This is the Atomic Bomb Memorial Mound. It contains the ashes of about 70,000 unidentified victims.
Japan occupied Korea for some 35 years and brought many of then to Japan as cheap labor. At the time of the bombing there were at least 45,000 Koreans working in Hiroshima, 20,000 of whom were killed. Ironically, perhaps, the current Japanese Prime Minister Aso's family ran coal mines during the war which used Korean labor and had such wretched living conditions that record numbers of them attempted escape. The Japanese government was reluctant about a monument to the Korean victims of Hiroshima and initially placed it on the other side of the river, but it was finally moved into the park proper in 1999.
K and I rang it together in earnest. Did you hear it?
We walked back to Sera Bekkan and got ready for dinner. It was a bit later than anticipated and we had no reservation, so elected to take a taxi. The driver was very nice and tried to time the traffic lights for us, but when he failed, took a back street and knocked a bit off the fare by restarting the meter!
The restaurant was one I had found on the internet - Kanawa oyster boat on the river just downstream from the Peace Park, famous for fresh seafood and traditional Japanese cuisine.
Should we go there again I will be sure to make a reservation as we had a bit of a wait. The food and service was memorable. I don't do raw oysters - ever - so we had some fried, along with flounder, rice, miso soup, assorted other goodies, and a half bottle of Remy Pannier Muscadet Sevre et Maine (a not too expensive white wine that is perfect with seafood).
The staff of Kanawa, dressed in kimono, escorts their guests to the street and offers their thanks. Perhaps it is to be sure that any who have been drinking don't trip on the "gang plank" leading to shore, but it was a nice ending for a long day in any case. We walked "home" along Heiwa Odori (Peace Avenue), a divided boulevard lined with trees on each side. At the time it was constructed, Japan was still struggling to rebuild and many locals thought it was an extravagance. Now the wisdom of having trees and meandering pedestrian paths beneath them seems obvious.
Our futons awaited and we fell fast asleep. The following day we would be off to Miyajima... Next post.
つづく - to be continued here: Dai Hiroshima Ondo Part III